UCAT (University Clinical Aptitude Test) Subtest sections

Verbal Reasoning

The Verbal Reasoning assesses your ability to read and think carefully about information presented in passages and to determine whether specific conclusions can be drawn from information presented. You are not expected to use prior knowledge to answer the questions.    

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Decision Making

The Decision Making assesses your ability to apply logic to reach a decision or conclusion, evaluate arguments and analyse statistical information.

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Quantitative Reasoning

The Quantitative Reasoning assesses your ability to use numerical skills to solve problems. It assumes familiarity with numbers to the standard of a good pass at GCSE. However questions are less to do with numerical facility and more to do with problem solving.

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Abstract Reasoning

Abstract Reasoning assesses your ability to identify patterns among abstract shapes where irrelevant and distracting material may lead to incorrect conclusions. The test therefore measures your ability to change track, critically evaluate and generate hypotheses and requires you to query judgements as you go along.

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Situational Judgement

The situational judgement test (SJT) measures your capacity to understand real world situations and to identify critical factors and appropriate behaviour in dealing with them.

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Verbal Reasoning

The Verbal Reasoning subtest assesses your ability to read and think carefully about information presented in passages and to determine whether specific conclusions can be drawn from information presented.  You are not expected to use prior knowledge to answer the questions.


Why Verbal Reasoning?

Doctors and dentists need excellent verbal reasoning skills in order to understand complex information and communicate this clearly and simply to patients is essential. Medical practitioners must also be able to interpret findings from published materials and apply this to their own practice. It is essential they are able to critique such materials and draw their own conclusion as to the validity of any findings.


Verbal Reasoning Items

You will be presented with eleven passages of text, each associated with 4 questions.  You have 21 minutes to answer the 44 questions in this subtest.


Some questions assess critical reasoning skills, requiring candidates to make inferences and draw conclusions from information.  You will need to read the passage of text carefully.  You will then be presented with a question or incomplete statement and four response options.  You are required to pick the best or most suitable response.  You will only be able to select one response.  


For other questions, your task is to read each passage of text carefully and then decide whether the statement provided follows logically.  There are three answer options you can choose from:

True: On the basis of the information in the passage, the statement is true.

False: On the basis of the information in the passage, the statement is false.

Can’t Tell: You cannot tell from the information in the passage whether the statement is true or false.


Incomplete Statement Questions:

These questions will have a statement which is incomplete. Based on the information of text, candidate has to select the most appropriate answer that will best finish the statement.


According to the passage' types of Questions: 

This types of questions are to remind the candidates that the answer has to be solely on the information in the text and not to be answered by prior knowledge or any other information. 


Except types  Questions:

Candidate needs to way up the evidence to reach to conclusion for this questions. It is very important to read the question and make decisions based on the paragraph. 


Most Likely types Question

Candidate needs to way up the evidence to reach to conclusion for this questions. It is very important to read the question and make decisions based on the paragraph. 'Most likely' itself suggests that the answer to this question will be less definitive and more speculative. 


Verbal Reasoning Practice Questions

Decision Making

The Decision Making subtest assesses your ability to apply logic to reach a decision or conclusion, evaluate arguments and analyse statistical information.


Why Decision Making?

Doctors and dentists are often required to make decisions in situations that may be complex.  This requires high-level problem solving skills and the ability to assess and manage risk and deal with uncertainty.


Decision Making Items

You will be presented with 29 questions that may refer to text, charts, tables, graphs or diagrams. Additional information may be presented within the question itself.  You will have 31 minutes to answer the questions in this subtest.

All questions are standalone and do not share data. Some questions will have four answer options but only one correct answer; others will require you to respond to five statements by placing a 'yes' or 'no' answer next to each statement.

A simple on-screen calculator is available for use in this section.  You may also need to use your booklet and pen.


Types Of Questions

Deductive reasoning assesses ability of applying logic to arrive at a decision or conclusion. 

Evaluation of Arguments- In situations of ambiguity, argument for or against the situations will be presented to the candidate. Candidate sometimes, needs to evaluate it by suspending your own belief.

There are real life situations in clinicians life where the statistical information arrives from multiple sources. The information can be in statistical format or visual format. 


Logical Puzzles:

The passage or set of statements will be presented. Based on the same, questions will be asked on Logical Reasoning. 


Syllogisms: 

Read over the information carefully and answer the questions. There can be multiple answer questions. Hence, it is advised to answer all questions. 


Interpretation of Information:

Information will be available in Passages, Graph or charts. There may be multiple correct answers for each item. You must use drag and drop to deduce the correct answers.


Recolonization of assumptions:

These items asks you to evaluate arguments for and against a particular Solution to a problem. Candidate has to evaluate strength of the argument and the soundness of the assumptions. There will be only one correct answer. Don't base your answers on your belief or existing knowledge. Strong argument may directly connected to the subject matter. Weak matter either will not be connected to the subject matter or will be connected indirectly. Eliminate statements that are assumptions rather than fact.


Venn diagrams:

Candidate will  be presented with the information either in Passage format or in diagram format. Understand Venn Diagrams and information it can provide based on it. 


Probabilistic Reasoning:

This types of question assesses students ability to understand probability. Read the information related to probability carefully and answer each question decisively. 


Practice Decision Making Questions

Quantitative Resaoning

The Quantitative Reasoning subtest assesses your ability to use numerical skills to solve problems. It assumes familiarity with numbers to the standard of a good pass at GCSE. However questions are less to do with numerical facility and more to do with problem solving.


Why Quantitative Reasoning?

Doctors and dentists are constantly required to review data and apply it to their own practice. On a practical level drug calculations based on patient weight, age and other factors have to be correct. At a more advanced level, clinical research requires an ability to interpret, critique and apply results presented in the form of complex statistics. Universities considering applicants need to know they have the aptitude to cope in these situations.


Quantitative Reasoning Items

You will be presented with 36 questions associated with tables, charts, and/or graphs.  You will have 24 minutes to answer the questions in this subtest.

You are required to solve problems by extracting relevant information from tables and other numerical presentations.  Most questions will be shown as sets of four questions each connected to the same data. There are some questions that standalone and do not share data. Each question has five answer options. Your task is to choose the best option.

A simple on-screen calculator is available for use in this section. The calculator is integrated into the practice tests and we strongly recommend that you familiarise yourself with using it.  There are slight differences between the way the calculator works in the practice test environment and the live test.  



That is 40 seconds per question. The available time is limited and hence, the decision on the question needs to be taken quickly. While solving these Problems, First step is to understand, what we are trying to solve. Post which candidate can have a look at the graphs, charts, tables and other relevant information given in the question. Try to minimise the use of Calculator in order to avoid time waste. 


Qustions will be based on following topics of Maths:

Percentage:

Change, Increase, Decrease, Reverse, Equivalance to Decimal


Proportinality:

Direct and Inverse


Rates: 

Speed, Flow, Work Rate


Statistics:

Mean, Median, Mode


Practice Questions of Quantitative Reasoning

Abstract Reasoning

Abstract Reasoning assesses your ability to identify patterns amongst abstract shapes where irrelevant and distracting material may lead to incorrect conclusions. The test therefore measures your ability to change track, critically evaluate and generate hypotheses and requires you to query judgements as you go along.


Why Abstract Reasoning?

When considering possible diagnoses, medical practitioners may be presented with a set of symptoms and/or results. Some information may be more reliable, more relevant and clearer than other information. Doctors and Dentists need to make judgments about such information, identifying the information which will help them reach conclusions. Carrying out research involving data often involves identifying patterns in results in order to generate further hypotheses. 


Abstract Reasoning Items

You will be presented with 55 questions associated with sets of shapes.  You will have 13 minutes to answer the questions in this subtest.


You will see all of these 4 different question types in this subtest:


Type 1 Questions:

You will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be given a test shape and asked to decide whether the test shape belongs to Set A, Set B, or Neither.


Type 2 Questions:

You will be presented with a series of shapes. You will be asked to select the next shape in the series.


Type 3 Questions:

You will be presented with a statement, involving a group of shapes. You will be asked to determine which shape completes the statement.


Type 4 Questions:

You will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be asked to select which of the four response options belongs to Set A or Set B.


Practice Questions of Abstract Reasoning

Situational Judgement

The situational judgement test (SJT) measures your capacity to understand real world situations and to identify critical factors and appropriate behaviour in dealing with them.


Why Situational Judgement?

The test assesses integrity, perspective taking, team involvement, resilience and adaptability.  SJTs are used widely in medical and dental selection, including selection of Foundation Doctors and Dentists, GPs and other medical specialties. 


Situational Judgement Items:


You will be presented with 69 questions associated with 22 scenarios (consisting of between 2 and 5 questions).  You will have 26 minutes to answer all questions within the subtest. 

The test consists of a series of scenarios for which you will need to consider either the appropriateness of possible actions, or the importance of possible considerations. 


Some of the questions will require that you rate each response from four possible options. Other questions will require you to choose the most and least appropriate action to take in response to the situation, from the three actions provided. 

Questions do not require medical or procedural knowledge.


Every candidate needs to consider the appropriateness of the possible actions or the importance of possible considerations. 


Rate the appropriateness or Importance.

It will be a drag and drop kind of questions. Read each Scenario carefully before selection. When you are rating a response, you may rate the same number to different options.

You should make a judgement about the response option independent from the options presented within the scenario.

Make sure that the answer is from the perspective of correct character.

Do not consider any timeframe. A response is correct even if it is correct today or 10 years down the line.


Practice Questions of Situational Judgement